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Female Infertility

1. What is infertility?

The experts define infertility as not being able to achieve pregnancy after at least one year or more of regular trying. Infertility denotes to the biological inability of an individual (male) to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. Women who can get pregnant but encounter repeated miscarriages are also said to be infertile. Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child previously and Secondary infertility is a failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy. Pregnancy is the result of a complex chain of events.

  • A woman’s body releases an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation)
  • The egg goes through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb)
  • A man's sperm joins with (fertilization) the egg along the way
  • The fertilized egg attaches to the inside of the uterus (implantation)

2. Is infertility a common problem?

While it's true that many women conceive without difficulty, infertility is far more common than most people think. Many keep it to them as it is a personal subject. In a few cultures, religions or families, being infertile is not something that is talked about openly. It is surveyed that after one year of having unprotected intercourse, 15% of couples are unable to conceive, and after 2 years, 10% of couples don’t have a successful pregnancy.

3. Is infertility just a woman's problem?

Infertility is not always a woman's complication, both women and men can have problems that cause infertility. According to the CDC, infertility affects about 12% of adults of childbearing age. Identifiable causes of infertility affect men and women equally. The chances of a couple's infertility are due to male factors 40% (one-third) of the time and 40% (one-third) of the time due to female factors, and the rest of the time it is either a combination of complications with both partners or it is unexplained.

4. What causes infertility in women?

There is no obvious underlying cause of infertility in females but may include insufficient levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and trouble with infections. The less common causes of fertility problems in women include:

Ovulation problems

An ovulation problem arises when eggs don't mature in the ovary or when the ovary fails to release a mature egg. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Some possible signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include, absent or irregular menstrual periods, unusually light or heavy menstrual bleeding, or lack of such premenstrual symptoms as bloating or breast tenderness. The possible solutions could be managing body weight if it's too low or too high or Ayurvedic treatment with very high success rate.


Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the endometriosis tissue that's normally found in the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus causing pain associated with menstruation, usually in the abdomen or pelvis. Some women experience no symptoms, while others have painful periods or intercourse, heavy bleeding or unusual spotting, and general pelvic pain.

Poor egg quality

The quality and number of eggs the ovaries produce naturally or with fertility treatment declines remarkably after age 35. There are no symptoms as such when poor egg quality is the reason for infertility.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Ovulation problems are often caused by Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which is a hormone imbalance problem which can interfere with normal ovulation. During this condition, the small follicles in the ovaries fail to develop into the larger, mature follicles that are responsible for releasing eggs. It's characterized by irregular periods, excessive hair growth, acne, and obesity. Another similar condition is Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) where a woman's ovaries stop working normally before she is 40 years of age. POI is not the same as early menopause.

Tubal factors

Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes prevent the sperm from reaching the egg and also prevent the fertilized egg from getting to the uterus. A few other leading causes of tubal problems include pelvic inflammatory condition, sexually transmitted infections (such as chlamydia), and past sterilization surgery.

Unexplained fertility problems

If there's no obvious reason for your infertility (or) in other words, all test results are normal; your doctor may diagnose an unexplained fertility problem. Experts believe subtle differences in the function of the reproductive system works may cause this type of infertility. Such as follicle development, sperm function, or the fertilization process. Researchers theorize that lifestyle factors such as being significantly underweight or overweight, regular consumption of caffeine or alcohol, and smoking may be the contributing factors.

5. How long should women try to get pregnant before calling their doctors?

This will depend on many aspects including the age of the person, how long the person has been trying to conceive, personal preferences, and their general state of health. No matter how old you are, it's always an excellent idea to seek medical assistance before you start trying to fall pregnant. It is substantial to note that it often takes up to a year, even for a young healthy fertile couple to become pregnant.

Women under 30 years of age shouldn't worry about infertility unless they've been trying to conceive for at least a year or two. Whereas in some cases, women should talk to their doctors sooner. Women in their 30s who've been trying to fall pregnant for 6 months should speak to their doctors as soon as possible. A woman's chances of conceiving a baby decrease rapidly every year after the age of 30. So getting a complete and timely fertility evaluation is important.

So, women with the following health problems should talk to their doctors if they have:

  • Irregular periods or absence of menstrual periods
  • Very painful periods
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • More than one miscarriage

6. What things increase a woman's risk of infertility?

A lot of things can affect a woman's ability to have a baby. This include:

  • Age :
  • A woman's fertility starts to drop after she is about 35 years old, and continues doing so

  • Stress :
  • Experts theorize that female ovulation and sperm production may be affected by mental stress. If any one of the two is stressed, there are chances that the frequency of sexual intercourse would decrease, resulting in a lower chance of conception

  • Poor diet / Eating disorder :
  • Women who have an undisciplined habit of skipping breakfasts, avoiding healthy eating, lack of water consumption and essential nutrition could result in fertility problems

  • Being overweight or underweight :
  • In industrialized countries with sedentary lifestyle, overweight/obesity is often found to be the chief cause of female infertility

  • Athletic training :
  • Over-exercising for more than seven hours each week or no exercise and leading a sedentary life may have fertility problems

  • Alcohol consumption :
  • Pregnancy can be severely affected by any amount of alcohol consumption

  • Tobacco/ Smoking :
  • Smoking may ruin the effects of fertility treatment. Even when a woman gets pregnant and continues smoking, she has a greater risk of miscarriage

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) :
  • One of the common STDs is Chlamydia that damages the fallopian tubes, as well as cause inflammation on the man's scrotum. Other STIs may also cause infertility

  • Being vegan :
  • If you are a strict vegan you must make sure to take in adequate amount of iron, folic acid, zinc and vitamin B-12; otherwise your fertility may become affected

7. How does age affect a woman's ability to have children?

Age also has an unusual reaction on fertility levels, especially the age of the female partner who is trying to conceive. Hence, infertility is much more common in older women. Women are most fertile in their early twenties, and after this, the fertility level gradually starts to drop and decreases rapidly past the age of 35. Studies in couples below 30 years who are healthy, 20% to 37% can conceive in the first 3 months. Under 35, you have a 92 % chance of becoming pregnant within two years of regular, unprotected sex. Whereas by 38, spontaneous conception is much less common and the likelihood of conceiving after three years drop to just 77 %. At age 40 or older, women have very fewer chances of getting pregnant without assistance. Most women wait until their 30s and 40s to have children. About 20% of women plan their first child after age 35; that is about one-third of couples in which the women is over 35 have fertility problems.

Ageing decreases the chances in the following ways:

  • Her ovaries become less able to release eggs
  • She has a lesser number of eggs left
  • Her eggs are not as healthy
  • She is more likely to develop health conditions that can cause fertility problems
  • She is more likely to have a miscarriage

The good news is that although up to 10 % of couples continue to have infertility problems, around 90 % of these challenges can be successfully overcome by Ayurveda female infertility treatment available at Ayurclinic. Being the Pioneers of classical Ayurveda in Australia with 25+ years of experience, we have a proven record of successfully treating over 20,000 medical situations. Another reason that Ayurveda treatment is best practiced in Ayurclinic is the award “Winner of Australian Excellence Award (2011) for Service Excellence” received by Ayurclinic.

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